cDOT Environment Monitoring Using PowerShell

Environmental information, for example temperature, fan speed, etc., provide critical information about the health of your clustered Data ONTAP system. Depending on your version of ONTAP, you can query the environmental information different ways to find out the status.

With ZAPI version 1.21 and above (cDOT 8.2.3+) the environment-sensors-get-iter API exists, which makes it excessively easy to collect environmental information about the controllers. We can take the same approach with environmental sensors as performance information:

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cDOT Performance Monitoring Using PowerShell

Performance monitoring is a complex topic, but it’s something that is vital to the successful implementation and maintenance of any system. In the past I’ve had several posts about using Perl for gathering performance statistics from a 7-mode system (using ONTAP 7.3.x, which is quite old at this point), so I thought it might be a good time for an update.

I originally documented some of this information in a response on the NetApp Community site. This post expands on that a bit and documents it externally.

The NetApp PowerShell Toolkit has three cmdlets which we can use to determine what objects, counters, and instances are available, and a fourth cmdlet to actually collect the data.

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Populate vRO workflow inputs from WFA 3.0 using REST

One of the challenges when using the NetApp vRO Package for WFA has been making the inputs dynamically populate with the correct information from WFA. If you add a new volume, aggregate, SVM, or other entity to your NetApp, you want it to show up in your workflows to be able to take advantage of it. There are workarounds, such as using the database or creating a filter/finder to retrieve the information, but each of those was flawed, primarily because they would not be updated to use new query parameters automatically if the WFA admin updated the workflow. Fortunately, WFA 3.0 has fixed this by adding a new REST method to the workflows namespace which will return the valid values back for you.

New WFA REST method for retrieving workflow input values

To take advantage of this we need a helper action to retrieve the values from WFA, and another helper to provide the dependent inputs and extract the information we want from the response and put it into the correct format for a vRO input.

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NetApp NFS Mount Access Denied By Server

mount.nfs: access denied by server while mounting

Just a quick tip today. While setting up a lab I had the need to mount a cDOT (8.3.0) export from behind a NAT gateway. When attempting the mount operation I got a relatively unhelpful error:

mount.nfs: access denied by server while mounting nfs.server.name:/mount/path

After some digging, I found that the cause of this is a setting on the storage virtual machine (a.k.a. SVM, formerly vserver). The problem is that by default cDOT expects that a port <= 1024 will be used for the mount operation. When NAT happens between you and the export, you are at the mercy of the gateway device for the port to be used. By setting the SVM NFS option mount-rootonly to disabled, this requirement is lifted.

To fix the problem from the cluster shell:

To fix the problem using the NetApp PowerShell toolkit:

NetApp vRealize Integration Package for OnCommand WFA version 3.0.1

Not too long ago we released a new version of the vRealize Integration Package for OnCommand WFA v3.0, which had a significant number of improvements around speed, flexibility, and overall robustness.

vRealize Integration Package for OnCommand WFA workflow listing

The vRealize Integration Package is a series of vRO workflows which take advantage of Workflow Automation’s REST interface for executing workflows. Version 3 of the package has been almost completely rewritten to be faster and easier to use than previously. This was done by implementing functionality using scriptable tasks, storing the WFA REST host connection and referencing it, and improving the debug log output.

New with this version is the vRealize Orchestrator action getUserInputValues. This action relies on functionality found in WFA version 3.0+ where the REST API has the ability to return valid values for WFA inputs which are “query” fields. This action makes it easy to add dynamic, real-time population of workflow inputs based on the actual WFA data.

Update (2016-02-01) – The package is now available on the NetApp Toolchest! This is the best location to get it from as it will always be up-to-date.

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NetApp PowerShell Toolkit 101: Data Protection

Protecting data is arguably the most important job that your storage is entrusted with. Losing data is simply not an option, so it’s critical to protect data through the use of backups and replication.

There are different ways that you can replicate data in your clustered Data ONTAP system. First, you can replicate to a separate volume of the same SVM in the cluster. Second, to a volume that belongs to a different SVM in the same cluster. Finally, replication can be configured with another cluster entirely.

In this post we will cover:

  • Peering Relationships
    • Cluster Peers
    • SVM Peers
  • SnapMirror Policies
  • SnapMirror
    • Version Flexible SnapMirror
  • SnapVault
  • Load Sharing Mirrors

If you are interested in additional detail about SnapMirror and SnapVault in clustered Data ONTAP 8.3, please see the post I did over at DatacenterDude.com.

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NetApp PowerShell Toolkit 101: Managing Data Access

Over the last several posts we have reviewed how to create and manage aggregates, SVMs, and volumes. All of that is great, but at this point you still can’t access that capacity to begin storing things. In this post we will discuss the various ways to access the volumes and the data inside them.

  • Junctioning
  • Export Policies
  • NFS Exports
  • CIFS/SMB Shares
  • LUNs
    • LUN Management
    • iGroups
    • LUN Mapping

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NetApp PowerShell Toolkit 101: Managing Volumes

Volumes are the containers of data in a NetApp storage system. They are “stored” on aggregates, accessed via Storage Virtual Machines, and are the point-of-application for many of the features of Data ONTAP. Let’s look at what we can do with volumes leveraging the PowerShell Toolkit:

  • Creating, Deleting, and Re-sizing Volumes
  • Volume Features
    • Thin Provisioning
    • Deduplication
    • Compression
    • AutoGrow / AutoShrink
    • Fractional Reserve
    • Quality of Service
  • Volume Options
  • Snapshots
  • FlexClones
  • Volume Move

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NetApp PowerShell Toolkit 101: Storage Virtual Machine Configuration

Storage Virtual Machines (SVM) are the entity in clustered Data ONTAP which the storage consumer actually interacts with. As the name implies, they are a virtual entity, however they are not a virtual machine like you would expect. There are no CPU, RAM, or other cache assignments that must be made. Instead, we assign storage resources to the SVM, such as aggregates and data LIF(s), which the SVM then uses to provision FlexVols and make them available via the desired protocol.

In this post we will look at how to configure an SVM using PowerShell.

  • Create an SVM
  • Aggregate Access
  • SVM DNS Service
  • Configuring Data LIF(s)
  • Configuring Protocols

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NetApp PowerShell Toolkit 101: Node Configuration

In the last post we looked at some settings that apply to the cluster. This time, let’s look at how to administer nodes.

In this post we will cover using the NetApp PowerShell Toolkit to manage these aspects of nodes:

  • Network Port Configuration
  • Node Management LIFs
  • Service Processor
  • CDP
  • Aggregates

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